Diverticular Disease


Diverticular disease refers to the presence of diverticula, small bulging pouches in the lining of the colon. While diverticula themselves may be asymptomatic, when they become inflamed or infected, it leads to diverticulitis. Symptoms include abdominal pain (usually in the lower left side), fever, nausea, and changes in bowel habits. Causes include a low-fiber diet, aging, and genetic predispositions. Diverticular disease is common in developed countries, often affecting individuals over 40. Complications may include abscesses, perforations, and fistulas. Management typically involves dietary changes (such as increased fiber intake), medications to relieve symptoms, and in severe cases, surgery to remove affected segments of the colon.


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